Nova Scotia Archives

Built Heritage Resource Guide

Building Materials ~ Wood, Brick and Stone

On Sunday 5 April 1891, census enumerators spread out across Nova Scotia to collect the data needed to compile the federal census for that year. The specific moment in time that they captured that early spring day included valuable insight into the province's building stock.

The population for the province in 1891 totalled 450,396 individuals; they occupied 78,433 houses; and the majority of those structures were wood-framed:

  • 77,955 (99.4%) wood-frame
  • 257 (0.3%) brick
  • 154 (0.2%) stone
  • 67 (0.1%) building material not identified.

The statistical details printed in the Census of Canada 1890-91 provided additional information on the province’s homes by identifying the total number of rooms in each house:

  • 785 (1.0%) 1 room
  • 4,204 (5.4%) 2 rooms
  • 6,622 (8.4%) 3 rooms
  • 12,041 (15.4%) 4 rooms
  • 10,159 (12.9%) 5 rooms
  • 39,349 (50.2%) 6-10 rooms
  • 4,446 (5.8%) 11-15 rooms
  • 657 (0.9%) 16 or more rooms

Of the total number of dwelling-houses, 3,144(4.0%) were currently uninhabited and 1,225 (1.6%) were under construction. The majority of homes had 6-10 rooms, with smaller houses of 1-5 rooms following close behind.

This Built Heritage Resource Guide is unusually rich in the information given in the Note Areas accompanying most images. So... when you scan down the pages, be sure to click on the thumbnails so that you can enlarge and explore the images, plus read the extra details provided beneath each.

 scan 200803001
"Very Old Log House" 
Date: 1935
Reference no.: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Collection: Places: Bedford: Ternan Property, #4

Topic: Building Materials ~ Wood, Brick and Stone / Log
 scan 200803002
Front View of "Very Old Log House" 
Date: 1935
Reference no.: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Collection: Places: Bedford: Ternan Property, #3

Topic: Building Materials ~ Wood, Brick and Stone / Log
Morrison  Papers scan 200803003
"The Early Scotch Settlers" 
Date: May 30, 1896
Reference no.: Morrison Papers Nova Scotia Archives MG 1 vol. 706 no. 40

Topic: Building Materials ~ Wood, Brick and Stone / Log
Legislative Assembly of Nova Scotia scan 200803057
Petition of W.K. Reynolds and Others, Owners of Stone and Brick Buildings in Halifax 
Date: 4 March 1820
Reference no.: Legislative Assembly of Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Archives RG 5 Series P vol. 1 no. 70

Topic: Building Materials ~ Wood, Brick and Stone / Stone
 scan 200803061
"The Almon House, at the S.W. [South West] Corner of Argyle & Prince Streets, Halifax, NS" 
Date: 10 May 1928
Reference no.: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Collection: Places: Halifax: Houses: Almon

Topic: Building Materials ~ Wood, Brick and Stone / Stone
 scan 200803062
"Hollis Street - Looking North from Sackville" 
Reference no.: Nova Scotia Archives Library: F107 H13 H83g

Topic: Building Materials ~ Wood, Brick and Stone / Stone
 scan 200803063
"Lenoir Building at 1663 Hollis Street, Built in 1816, One of the Oldest Commercial Buildings in Halifax" 
Reference no.: Nova Scotia Archives Library: V/F Vol. 119 no. 24

Topic: Building Materials ~ Wood, Brick and Stone / Stone
Clara Dennis scan 200802085
"Quarry Wallace" 
Date: 1930s
Photographer: Clara Dennis
Reference no.: Clara Dennis Nova Scotia Archives accession no. 1983-468 no. 155

Topic: Building Materials ~ Wood, Brick and Stone / Stone
Clara Dennis scan 200802088
"Quarry, Wallace, NS" 
Date: 1930s
Photographer: Clara Dennis
Reference no.: Clara Dennis Nova Scotia Archives accession no. 1983-468 no. 158

Topic: Building Materials ~ Wood, Brick and Stone / Stone
Clara Dennis scan 200802089
"Quarry at Wallace" 
Date: 1930s
Photographer: Clara Dennis
Reference no.: Clara Dennis Nova Scotia Archives accession no. 1983-468 no. 159

Topic: Building Materials ~ Wood, Brick and Stone / Stone
Clara Dennis scan 200801925
"Stone House at Middle River" 
Date: 1930s
Photographer: Clara Dennis
Reference no.: Clara Dennis Nova Scotia Archives accession no. 1981-541 no. 662

Topic: Building Materials ~ Wood, Brick and Stone / Stone
 scan 200803064
"Old Stone House, Avondale, NS" 
Date: ca. 1963
Reference no.: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Collection: Places: Avondale Road: Houses: Old Stone

Topic: Building Materials ~ Wood, Brick and Stone / Stone
Clara Dennis scan 200800465
"House of Beach Stones at Pembroke Intervale, Yarmouth, NS, near Chegoggin" 
Date: 1930s
Photographer: Clara Dennis
Reference no.: Clara Dennis Nova Scotia Archives accession no. 1981-541 no. 456

Topic: Building Materials ~ Wood, Brick and Stone / Stone
Clara Dennis scan 200803065
"Old Smyth House, Port Hood, Cape Breton" 
Date: 1930s
Photographer: Clara Dennis
Reference no.: Clara Dennis Nova Scotia Archives accession no. 1981-541 no. 10

Topic: Building Materials ~ Wood, Brick and Stone / Stone
Heritage Trust of Nova Scotia scan 200803066
Sperry Gyroscope Company of Canada, 1684 Lower Water Street, Halifax, NS 
Date: ca. 1967
Photographer: M.E.B. Martin
Reference no.: Heritage Trust of Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Archives accession no. 1982-560 no. 35

Topic: Building Materials ~ Wood, Brick and Stone / Stone
   Page 1 of 3: 1 2 3  next