Nova Scotia Archives

Lunenburg by the Sea


Churches and Schools

Lunenburg prides itself on its many historic churches — St. John's Anglican (built 1754; 'Gothicized' in 1870-75), Zion Evangelical Lutheran (1890-91), St. Norbert's Roman Catholic (ca.1840), Central United, formerly Methodist (1883-85) and St. Andrew's Presbyterian (1828; lengthened and 'Gothicized' in 1879). The Baptist Church was constructed in 1884, remodeled in 1905, and closed in 1928; it subsequently became Sweeney's Funeral Home.

St. John's Anglican, the finest and most famous of all the Lunenburg churches, burned in a spectacular blaze under mysterious circumstances on Hallowe'en night in 2001, throwing the community into stunned dismay. The response, however, was typical of Lunenburg — the decision to rebuild was almost immediate, and St. John's is presently under reconstruction and restoration.

Various church schools, several private schools and the Lunenburg Grammar School, all maintained and supported by private funds, operated in the town prior to free education, which began in Nova Scotia in 1864. In that year, Lunenburg residents decided to build an Academy; until this new structure opened the following year, free students were taught in the Temperance Hall. The original Academy was located in Jubilee Park between Cumberland and Townsend streets, east of the present Town Hall. Fire swept through the wooden structure on 28 September 1893; fortunately the principal, teachers and students safely evacuated without injury.

The present Lunenburg Academy is the town's most prominent landmark. Built on top of Gallows Hill in 1894-95, each floor of the Academy has six entrances, six classrooms and six staircases up to the next floor. The Academy became exclusively an elementary school after the new Lunenburg Junior-Senior High School opened in 1966.


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lunenburg200300081
St. John's Anglican Church
Date: ca. 1869
Photographer: A.E. Rhodes
Reference no.: Estate of Elizabeth G. Owen Nova Scotia Archives Photo Collection: Places: Lunenburg: Churches

Theme: Churches and Schools

lunenburg200321192
Baptist Church
Date: between 1884 and 1896
Reference no.: Bailly Family Nova Scotia Archives accession no. 1985-562 no. 6

Theme: Churches and Schools

lunenburg200300049
Baptist Church
Date: ca. 1896
Reference no.: Nova Scotia Archives Library VF vol. 135 no. 32

Theme: Churches and Schools

lunenburg200300048
[Zion Evangelical] Lutheran Church
Date: ca. 1896
Reference no.: Nova Scotia Archives Library VF vol. 135 no. 32

Theme: Churches and Schools

lunenburg200321194
St. John's Anglican Church
Date: ca. 1900
Reference no.: Bailly Family Nova Scotia Archives accession no. 1985-562 no. 8 / negative no. FP/DN1427

Theme: Churches and Schools

lunenburg200321195
Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church, York Street
Date: ca. 1900
Reference no.: Bailly Family Nova Scotia Archives accession no. 1985-562 no. 9 / negative no. FP/DN1390

Theme: Churches and Schools

lunenburg200300123
Lunenburg Methodist Church
Date: ca. 1900
Reference no.: Bailly Family Nova Scotia Archives accession no. 1985-562 no. 34 / negative no. FP/DN1378

Theme: Churches and Schools

lunenburg200321191
St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church
Date: ca. 1900
Reference no.: Bailly Family Nova Scotia Archives accession no. 1985-562 no. 5 / negative no. FP/DN1389

Theme: Churches and Schools

lunenburg200300020
St. Norbert's Roman Catholic Church
Date: ca. 1914
Reference no.: Nova Scotia Archives Library VF vol. 496 no. 39

Theme: Churches and Schools

lunenburg200300021
Methodist Church
Date: ca. 1914
Reference no.: Nova Scotia Archives Library VF vol. 496 no. 39

Theme: Churches and Schools

nsis1233
"St. John's Anglican Church"
Date: ca. 1935
Photographer: Nova Scotia Information Service
Reference no.: Nova Scotia Information Service Nova Scotia Archives NSIS no. 1233 / negative no. 1233

Theme: Churches and Schools

lunenburg200321221
St. John's Parish Hall
Date: 1975
Photographer: Robert Campbell
Reference no.: Robert Campbell Nova Scotia Archives accession no. 1981-476 no. 6-33 / negative no. N-6-33

Theme: Churches and Schools

lunenburg200300029,200300030,200300031
"List of the Scholars now in Lunenburg Grammar School with their names Ages and what they learn"
Date: 5 February 1818
Reference no.: NS House of Assembly Petitions Nova Scotia Archives RG 5 Series P vol. 69 no. 9

Theme: Churches and Schools

lunenburg200300095
Lunenburg Academy with students on schoolground
Date: 1881
Photographer: L.A. Hirtle
Reference no.: Nova Scotia Archives Photo Collection: Places: Lunenburg: Schools / negative no. N-228

Theme: Churches and Schools

lunenburg200321196
Lunenburg Academy
Date: ca. 1900
Reference no.: Bailly Family Nova Scotia Archives accession no. 1985-562 no. 11 / negative no. FP/DN1334

Theme: Churches and Schools
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