Nova Scotia Archives

Lunenburg by the Sea


Agriculture and Industry

The Reverend James Monro, writing in his History and description and state of the Southern and Western townships of Nova Scotia in 1795, observed that the farms in Lunenburg Township were well cultivated and presented an agreeable appearance. He also noted "the fields with grass and grain and the pastures with Herds of cattle and flocks of sheep all which are here to be seen in abundance. The farms as far as my eye could reach Seemed to be in good order."

Captain Moorsom, in the 1820s, also commented on both the local farms and the industriousness of those who tilled them: "The German character has been amply displayed in bringing a soil naturally rugged into a state of comparative fertility. Many substantial farms are scattered all around the neighbourhood..."

By the mid-twentieth century, slow-plodding pairs of oxen had become an endearing and enduring symbol of Lunenburg County. Will R. Bird, writing in These are the Maritimes (1959) recalled a particular visit and a thriving tourist promoter: "an elderly gentleman wearing a straw hat popular twenty years ago was most eager to help us. He said if we wanted a picture of yoked oxen to go two blocks and we would find a man who kept a pair and tourists photographed them almost every day of the summer."

Over the years, Lunenburg's economy gradually came to have a much broader base than farming and fishing. A booklet produced to celebrate Lunenburg's bicentennial in 1953 described an amazing variety of diversified industries at the mid-century point:

At the head of the harbour is the local foundry, which manufactures marine engines, vessel equipment, and conducts general refits and repairs for all types of ships. The central section of the waterfront is comprised of a large fresh fish plant and four salt fish establishments, where schooner cargoes are processed and exported to foreign markets. The marine railway and the shipyard are situated at the eastern end of the harbour.

The booklet then went on to list Lunenburg's light industries, which still included four blacksmiths and two cobblers, plus two tailors, two plumbing and heating contractors, two boat-builders, one lumber mill, two photographers, a blockshop, a sailmaker, a manufacturer of nets, seines and trawls, a firm of marine and industrial engineers and contractors, a dairy, a baker, a cleaning and pressing establishment, a newspaper, and a florist.


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lunenburg200300032,200300033
Plan of division of Garden Lots to eastward of Town of Lunenburg 1820 between Mary Glassen, Henry Heckman and Thomas Pinnel
Date: 1820
Reference no.: William Ross Nova Scotia Archives MG 1 vol. 796b no. 15

Theme: Agriculture and Industry

lunenburg200300119
Cutting ice near Lunenburg
Date: ca. 1900
Reference no.: A. Silver Nova Scotia Archives no. 32

Theme: Agriculture and Industry

lunenburg200321229
Leo Smith with oxen, Lunenburg Co. Exhibition
Date: ca. 1935
Photographer: Helen Creighton
Reference no.: Helen Creighton Nova Scotia Archives accession no. 1987-178 no. 794

Theme: Agriculture and Industry

nsis04314
"Shoeing oxen at Lunenburg"
Date: ca. 1950
Photographer: Nova Scotia Information Service
Reference no.: Nova Scotia Information Service Nova Scotia Archives NSIS no. 4314

Theme: Agriculture and Industry

nsis09432
"Loading hay, Lunenburg"
Date: 1955
Photographer: Nova Scotia Information Service
Reference no.: Nova Scotia Information Service Nova Scotia Archives NSIS no. 9432

Theme: Agriculture and Industry

lunenburg200300087
Thomas Walters & Son, Ship & General Blacksmiths
Photographer: Canadian National Railway
Reference no.: Queens County Historical Society Nova Scotia Archives accession no. 1978-199 no. 6

Theme: Agriculture and Industry

nsis14395
"Walters Blacksmith Shop, Lunenburg"
Date: ca. 1960
Photographer: Nova Scotia Information Service
Reference no.: Nova Scotia Information Service Nova Scotia Archives NSIS no. 14395 / negative no. 14395

Theme: Agriculture and Industry

nsis14392
"Walters Blacksmith Shop, Lunenburg"
Date: ca. 1960
Photographer: Nova Scotia Information Service
Reference no.: Nova Scotia Information Service Nova Scotia Archives NSIS no. 14392 / negative no. 14392

Theme: Agriculture and Industry

nsis15335
"Oxen haying between Lunenburg and Blue Rocks"
Date: ca. 1962
Photographer: Nova Scotia Information Service
Reference no.: Nova Scotia Information Service Nova Scotia Archives NSIS no. 15335 / negative no. 15335

Theme: Agriculture and Industry

lunenburg200300051
"Mill and Factory, C. Albert Smith, Lunenburg"
Date: ca. 1896
Reference no.: Nova Scotia Archives Library VF vol. 135 no. 32

Theme: Agriculture and Industry

lunenburg200300056
"Frank Powers, Sanitary and Hot Water Engineer, manufacturer of The Celebrated 'Electric Bicycle'"
Date: ca. 1896
Reference no.: Nova Scotia Archives Library VF vol. 135 no. 32

Theme: Agriculture and Industry

lunenburg200300062
"The Mayflower Stoves and Ranges"
Date: ca. 1896
Reference no.: Nova Scotia Archives Library VF vol. 135 no. 32

Theme: Agriculture and Industry

lunenburg200300139
Frank Powers' Group
Date: ca. 1900
Reference no.: Bailly Family Nova Scotia Archives accession no. 1985-562 no. 128 / negative no. FP/DN1396

Theme: Agriculture and Industry

lunenburg200300114
Fire at Lunenburg Foundry
Date: ca. 1900
Reference no.: A. Silver Nova Scotia Archives no. 3

Theme: Agriculture and Industry

lunenburg200300115
Fire at Lunenburg Foundry, Lunenburg, NS
Date: ca. 1900
Reference no.: A. Silver Nova Scotia Archives no. 4

Theme: Agriculture and Industry
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