Nova Scotia Archives

Mi'kmaw Community Gatherings

Geography and Maps

If the Mi’kmaq ever produced maps of their dominions, these have been lost in the mists of time. The earliest mapping of Mi’kmaq lands was by European cartographers and therefore shows the biases of western culture. For example, while the indigenous population is identified on Thomas Jeffery’s "A New Map of Nova Scotia & Cape Britain with the Adjacent parts of New England and Canada, 1755," there is no indication of their proprietary rights to the lands displayed on the map.

A far more revealing plan is that of Captain Lewis, the "Map of the surveyed parts of Nova Scotia," also dating from 1755. Lewis included landmarks such as the Abbé LeLoutre’s mass house, plus various identified trails and Acadian settlements in the province. These transportation routes and early communities were undoubtedly influenced by traditional Mi’kmaq paths and campsites prior to European settlement.

In the nineteenth century the government decided to ‘reserve’ or set aside lands for the Mi’kmaq population, as shown on "Map of Cape Breton, 1831" and in the extended "Maps of Indian Lands in Nova Scotia, 1842." With the creation of these reservations, and their delineation(s) in ink, the government defined Mi'kmaq proprietary rights in Nova Scotia.


Results 1 to 12 of 12 from your search: Geography and Maps



Mikmaq200100028
A New Map of Nova Scotia and Cape Britain and the adjacent parts of New England & Canada, 1755
Date: 1755
Publisher: Thomas Jefferys
Reference no.: NSARM Map Collection Nova Scotia Archives F/200-1755

Click for more information on this chapter

Mikmaq200100029
"Map of the surveyed parts of Nova Scotia taken by Captain Lewis, 1755."
Date: 1755
Cartographer: Captain Lewis
Reference no.: NSARM Map Collection Nova Scotia Archives F/202 - Nova Scotia 1755

Click for more information on this chapter

Mikmaq200100030
Map of Cape Breton, 1831
Date: 1831
Cartographer: John L. Johnston
Reference no.: NSARM Map Collection Nova Scotia Archives F/201 - Cape Breton 1831

Click for more information on this chapter

Mikmaq200100031
"Map of part of the Indian Lands in Nova Scotia, 1842" – Kings County
Date: 1842
Cartographer: anonymous
Reference no.: NSARM Map Collection Nova Scotia Archives F/202 - Nova Scotia 1842; RG 1 v. 432 p. 28; microfilm no. 14011

Click for more information on this chapter

Mikmaq200100032
"Map of part of the Indian Lands in Nova Scotia, 1842" – Halifax County, west side Shubenacadie Lake
Date: 1842
Cartographer: anonymous
Reference no.: NSARM Map Collection Nova Scotia Archives F/202 - Nova Scotia 1842; RG 1 v. 432 p. 33; microfilm no. 14011.

Click for more information on this chapter

Mikmaq200100033
"Map of part of the Indian Lands in Nova Scotia, 1842" – Hants County
Date: 1842
Cartographer: anonymous
Reference no.: NSARM Map Collection Nova Scotia Archives F/202 - Nova Scotia 1842; RG 1 v. 432 p. 34; microfilm no. 14011

Click for more information on this chapter

Mikmaq200100034
"Map of part of the Indian Lands in Nova Scotia, 1842" – Halifax County, St. Margaret's Bay
Date: 1842
Cartographer: anonymous
Reference no.: NSARM Map Collection Nova Scotia Archives F/202 - Nova Scotia 1842; RG 1 v. 432 p. 35; microfilm no. 14011

Click for more information on this chapter

Mikmaq200100035
"Map of part of the Indian Lands in Nova Scotia, 1842" – Cumberland County
Date: 1842
Cartographer: anonymous
Reference no.: NSARM Map Collection Nova Scotia Archives F/202 - Nova Scotia 1842; RG 1 v. 432 p. 32; microfilm no. 14011

Click for more information on this chapter

Mikmaq200100036
"Map of part of the Indian Lands in Nova Scotia, 1842" – Annapolis County
Date: 1842
Cartographer: anonymous
Reference no.: NSARM Map Collection Nova Scotia Archives F/202 - Nova Scotia 1842; RG 1 v. 432 p. 39; microfilm no. 14011

Click for more information on this chapter

Mikmaq200100037
"Map of part of the Indian Lands in Nova Scotia, 1842" – Queens County
Date: 1842
Cartographer: anonymous
Reference no.: NSARM Map Collection Nova Scotia Archives F/202 - Nova Scotia 1842; RG 1 v. 432 p. 37; microfilm no. 14011

Click for more information on this chapter

Mikmaq200100038
"Map of part of the Indian Lands in Nova Scotia, 1842" – Lunenburg County
Date: 1842
Cartographer: anonymous
Reference no.: NSARM Map Collection Nova Scotia Archives F/202 - Nova Scotia 1842; RG 1 v. 432 p. 36; microfilm no. 14011

Click for more information on this chapter

Mikmaq200100039
"Map of part of the Indian Lands in Nova Scotia, 1842" – Sydney County
Date: 1842
Cartographer: anonymous
Reference no.: NSARM Map Collection Nova Scotia Archives F/202 - Nova Scotia 1843; RG 1 v. 432 p. 45; microfilm no. 14011

Click for more information on this chapter
   Page 1 of 1: 1