Government of Nova Scotianovascotia.ca
gov.ns.caGovernment of Nova Scotia Nova Scotia, Canada
 
Municipal Affairs
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Municipal History Highlights

1999

The Municipal Government Act is the legislated framework that gives municipalities authority. It came into effect April 1, 1999. Each year the MGA has been amended to respond to issues raised by municipalities, UNSM, and the provincial government.

1996

Nova Scotia no longer has incorporated cities. They were amalgamated into Regional Municipalities. For example, Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM) was established by amalgamating all levels of municipal government in Halifax County, including the cities of Halifax and Dartmouth, into a single entity.

1935

The Department of Municipal Affairs was established to exercise stricter control of municipal capital finance.

1912

Nova Scotia's first planning statute, the Town Planning Act, granted municipalities the power to develop and implement town-planning schemes for land used in the course of development or likely to be used in future developments.

1906

The Union of Nova Scotia Municipalities was founded. As a result of early successes, every municipality became a member, which is a record among Canadian provinces.

1888

The Towns Incorporation Act standardized the procedure for towns to incorporate and separate from their surrounding rural areas.

1879

The first extensive creation of local government came from the County Incorporation Act. This Act established 24 rural municipalities on the basis of boundaries used by the sessions, essentially for court purposes.

1867

Nova Scotia was one of the four founding provinces of the Canadian Confederation.

The Constitution Act granted the provinces exclusive jurisdiction over municipalities.

1848

Through the efforts of Joseph Howe, Nova Scotia became the first British colony to be granted responsible government.

1818

Province House was built; it is Canada's oldest house of government.

1769

St John Island became a separate colony (now PEI).

1763

Île Royale (Cape Breton Island) and Île St. Jean (PEI) became parts of Nova Scotia.

1758

Nova Scotia became the first British colony to establish representative government.

1749

The capital of Nova Scotia was changed to the newly established Halifax.

1604

French colonists established the first permanent European settlement in Canada.