1. Coronavirus (COVID-19)
  2. Workplace safety

Coronavirus (COVID-19): workplace safety

Guidance for employers and employees on how to keep workplaces safe and help prevent the spread of COVID-19.

Health Protection Act Order and public health measures

All businesses, organizations and employees need to follow the Health Protection Act Order, public health measures and the Workplace COVID-19 Prevention Plan for their sector or business. Plans should reflect current restrictions.

Employers and employees need to work together to maintain a healthy workplace. Employers need to make sure that employees are aware of safety rules and resources. Employers should encourage workers and volunteers to remain up to date with developments related to COVID-19 and make sure employees and volunteers know to stay home if they're feeling sick.

Cleaning and disinfecting

Make sure you're keeping your workplace clean.

Clean and disinfect workspaces (a minimum of twice a day or as required). Implement additional cleaning and disinfecting protocols, especially for high-touch surfaces like doorknobs, light switches, railings, and commonly used areas like washrooms, desks and tabletops.

Wash with soapy water first. Then disinfect using household cleaning products following the directions on the label, or a solution of 5mL of bleach per 250mL of water or 20mL per litre. Disinfect phones, remote controls, computers and other handheld devices with 70% alcohol or wipes.

You should also post handwashing signs and provide alcohol-based hand sanitizer (at least 60% alcohol) to encourage frequent hand cleaning.

Remove non-essential items, like magazines, stuffed toys and other items, that can't be easily cleaned from reception areas.


Wearing a mask is required at private indoor workplaces (like offices or warehouses) in all common areas, places where there’s interaction with the public and areas with poor ventilation and areas where people can’t maintain a minimum physical distance of 2 metres (6 feet) from others.

Occupational health and safety (OHS)

Employers and employees need to work together to maintain a healthy workplace.

To help create a healthy workplace, consider how you’ll:

  • adapt work practices and workflows, like high-touch equipment and tools, working from home, office setup, scheduling for employees and reducing the number of objects and surfaces that people touch
  • increase ventilation, like doing business outdoors or keeping doors and windows open
  • protect vulnerable populations, like having hours just for seniors

Learn more: Employers’ Guide for COVID-19 and Communicable Disease (PDF).

Workplace COVID-19 screening program

COVID-19 screening (asymptomatic rapid testing) for businesses and organizations is an important part of Nova Scotia’s testing approach. As Nova Scotia moves through the reopening plan, workplace testing helps prevent the spread of COVID-19 in workplaces.

Workplace screening uses a rapid antigen test as a screening tool. Even with screening, employees need to follow public health measures like watching for COVID-19 symptoms, social distancing, masks, frequent hand washing and use of personal protective equipment.

The workplace COVID-19 screening program isn’t currently accepting new participants. Supply of rapid antigen tests is paused for most existing program participants, unless the workplace provides in-person support for vulnerable populations (like long-term care facilities, shelters and correctional facilities).

Employee support

If you need to stay home

If an employee needs to self-isolate (even if they don't have COVID-19 symptoms), an employer can’t require a doctor's note if the employee needs to be off work.

Employers should consider how they can support employees while they're self-isolating. Talk with employees about flexible hours or alternative work arrangements if they’re required to stay home.

Leaves, layoffs and other labour questions

If you have questions about the Labour Standards Code, like taking leave or being laid off, contact the Labour Standards Division at 1-888-315-0110.

Safety concerns

Workplaces are required to take precautions to ensure the health and safety of their employees and clients. If you're worried about safety in the workplace, you should talk to your immediate supervisor.

If the situation isn't resolved, contact your Occupational Health and Safety Committee or safety representative if you have one. Or contact the Safety Branch at 1-800-952-2687.

If you're a business owner or manager and you want workplace safety advice, contact the Safety Branch at 1-800-952-2687.

Keeping customers safe

Workplaces and customers need to work together to help prevent the spread of COVID-19 and keep each other safe.

As part of the COVID-19 Protocol for Proof of Full Vaccination for Events and Activities, you need proof of full vaccination to participate in most events and activities that gather people together. Businesses and organizations need to verify proof of vaccination visually. After verifying proof of vaccination, they must also review additional identification to confirm your identity.

Businesses, organizations and workplaces where non-medical masks are required under the Health Protection Act Order are encouraged to post a Face Mask Required Sign (PDF) to let customers and clients know that masks are mandatory. People with a valid medical reason are exempt from wearing a mask (you can’t ask them for a doctor’s note).

Businesses and organizations may ask customers to follow additional safety measures, like following signage to guide them through the business. If you have questions about additional safety measures, you can contact the business or organization to learn what they’re doing to keep everyone safe.

You can support businesses and organizations by following the safety measures they put in place.

Factsheets and posters

Find sector-specific guidelines and posters to help protect workers and customers from COVID-19 in the workplace.


Occupational Health and Safety (safety questions)

Labour Standards (your rights and obligations at work)

Business Navigators (questions and business supports)