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Mi'kmaq Holdings Resource Guide

Peace and Friendship Treaties

1749 Renewal at Chebucto of the Treaty of 1725

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Articles of Submission And Agreement made at Boston, in New England by Sanquaaram alias Loreon Areux, François Xavier and Meganumbe, delegates from Penobscott, Naridgwack, St. Johns, Cape Sables and other tribes inhabiting within His Majesty's Territories of Nova Scotia and New England. ___________

Whereas His Majesty King George by concession of the Most Christian King, made at the Treaty of Utrecht, is become the rightful possessor of the province of Nova Scotia or Acadia according to its ancient boundaries: We the said Sanquaaram alias Loron Arexus, François Xavier and Meganumbe, delegates from said tribes of Penobscott, Naridgwack, St. Johns, Cape Sables and other tribes inhabiting within His Majesty's said territories of Nova Scotia or Acadia and New England, do, in the name and behalf of the said tribes we represent, acknowledge His said Majesty King George's jurisdiction and dominion over the territories of the said Provinces of Nova Scotia or Acadia, and make our submission to His said Majesty in as ample a manner as we have formerly done to the most Christian King. ___________

And we further promise on behalf of the said tribes we represent that the Indians shall not molest any of His Majesie's subjects or their dependants in their settlements already made or lawfully to be made, or in their carrying on their traffic and other affairs within the said Province. ___________

That if there happens any robbery or outrage committed by any of the Indians, the tribe or tribes they belong to shall cause satisfaction and restitution to be made to the parties injured. ___________

That the Indians shall not help to convey away any soldiers belonging to His Majesty's forts, but on the
contrary shall bring back any soldier they shall find endeavouring to run away. ___________

That in case of any misunderstanding, quarrel or injury between the English and the Indians no private revenge shall be taken, but application shall be made for redress according to His Majesty's laws. ___________

That if the Indians have made any prisoners belonging to the Government of Nova Scotia or Acadia during the course of the war they shall be released at or before the ratification of this treaty. ___________

That this treaty shall be ratified at Annapolis Royal. ___________

Dated at the Council Chamber in Boston in New England, this fifteenth day of December, Anno Domini one thousand seven hundred and twenty five, Annoq. Regni Regis Georgii, Magna Britannia, & c., Duodecimo.

I Joannes Pedousaghtigh Chief of the Tribe of Chigenecto Indians for my self and in behalf of my tribe my Heirs and their Heirs for ever and we Francois Arodowish, Simon Sacrawino and Jean Battiste Maddouanhook ------- Deputies from the Chiefs of the St. Johns Indians and Invested by them with full powers for that purpose do in the most Solemn Manner - renew the above Articles of Agreement and Submission and every Article Thereof with his Excellency Edward Cornwallis Esqr. Captn. Generl and Governor in Chief in and over his majesties Province of Nova Scotia or Accadie Vice Admiral of the same Colonel in his Majesties Service and one of his bed Chamber. In Wittness whereof the said Joannes Pedousaghtigh have subscribed this Treaty and affixed my Seal and we the said Francois Arodowish, Simon Sacrawino, and Jean Battiste Maddouanhook ---------- In behalf of the Chiefs of the Indian Tribes we represent have subscribed and affixed our seals to the same and engage that the said Chief shall ratifie this Treaty at St. Johns. Done in Chibucto Harbour the fifteenth of August one Thousand Seven Hundred and Fortynine.

In Presence of

P. Hopson
Robt. Ellison
Chas. Lawrence
John Gorham
Mascarene
James T. Mercer
Ed. How
Benj. Green
John Salsbury
Hugh Davidson
Wm Steele
Members of the Council for Nova Scotia
Joannes Pedousaghtigh (Totem) (LS)
Francois Arodowish (Totem) (LS)
Simon Sacrawino (Totem) (LS)
Jean Battiste Madoounhook (Totem) (LS)

Transcript is from W. E. Daugherty, Maritime Indian treaties in historical perspective (Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, 1981); Renewal of the Treaty of 1725 (Chebucto 1749) in their treaty series.


Signed at Chebucto (Kjipuktuk, now Halifax), 15 August 1749, by "Joannes Pedousaghtigh, Chief of the Tribe of Chignecto Indians" and "Deputies from the Chiefs of the St. Johns Indians," and witnessed by members of His Majesty's Council for Nova Scotia. The signing ceremony was held on board HMS Beaufort in Halifax Harbour, and the table used for the ceremony is now in the Legislative Council Chamber at Province House in Halifax.

This is an original document. It copies the wording of the 1725 Treaty, to which a renewal is appended at the end.

A reproduction was included in Thomas B. Akins, editor, Selections from the public documents of the Province of Nova Scotia (Halifax, 1869).

Transcript is from W. E. Daugherty, Maritime Indian treaties in historical perspective (Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, 1981); Renewal of the Treaty of 1725 (Chebucto 1749) in their treaty series.

Date: 1749

Retrieval no.: Peace and Friendship Treaties Nova Scotia Archives O/S No. 512