Nova Scotia Archives

Mi'kmaq Holdings Resource Guide

Peace and Friendship Treaties

Copy of Treaty of 1779 signed at Windsor between John Julien, Chief and Michael Francklin, representing the Government of Nova Scotia.

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clothing and other necessary stores in exchange for their furs, and other commodities. In witness whereof, we the above mentioned have interchangeably set our hands, and Seals at Windsor, in Nova Scotia, this Twenty Second day of September 1779

Done in presence of these
Allen McDonald Capt: 84th Regt:
Commanding Fort Edward
Lauchl: McLean
Lieut: 84 Regt:
Hector McLean
Adjt of 84 Regt:
Joseph Fernette
George Deshamps
John Julien his + mark 1st Chief
Francis Julien + 2nd Chief
Antoine Ameau + Captain
Thomas Demagonische + Councillor
Augustine Michel + 1st Chief
Francs Joseph Arimph + 2nd Chief
Augustine Cobaise + Captain
Antoines + Councillor
Guiaume Gabelier + Councillor
Thomas Tanas + Son and Representative of the Chief of Jedyiec
Michl Francklin Superintendant of Indian Affairs in the Province Nova Scotia

In Mr. Maniklzny of 22 Sept 1779

of Mirimichy and Acting for Pogmeso and Restigousche




of Richebouctou
A true Copy
Michl Francklin
Superintendant of Indian Affairs
in Nova Scotia

Treaty entered into with the Indians of Nova Scotia from Cape Tormentine to the Bay deChaleurs. 22 Sept 1779.



In Mr. Francklin's of 26 Sept 1779.



(Copy)

The transcript is from W. E. Daugherty, Maritime Indian treaties in historical perspective (Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, 1981); It is Treaty of 1761 (Merimichi tribe) in that publication.


Signed at Windsor, NS, 22 September 1779 by John Julien, Chief, and others representing the "Mirimichy", as well as representatives from the "Pogmousche, Restigouche... Richebouctou... and Jedyac," and others together representing those and "all others residing between Cape Tormentine and the Bay DeChaleurs," and Michael Francklin, the King's Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Nova Scotia.

The document was certified as a true copy by Francklin and enclosed in a packet of documents sent from Halifax on 10 October 1779 by Lieutenant Governor Richard Hughes to George Germain, Secretary of State for the American Department at the Colonial Office in London. The Nova Scotia Archives has a photostatic copy of this document, the original of which was received in London on 13 November 1779, and is now in the National Archives (London UK) in the Colonial Office Papers as CO 217, Vol. 54, Item 254.

Transcript is from W. E. Daugherty, Maritime Indian treaties in historical perspective (Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, 1981); Treaty of 1761 (Merimichi tribe) in that publication.

Date: 1779

Retrieval no.: Peace and Friendship Treaties Nova Scotia Archives O/S No. 516