Nova Scotia Archives

Mi'kmaw Community Gatherings

Geography and Maps

If the Mi’kmaq ever produced maps of their dominions, these have been lost in the mists of time. The earliest mapping of Mi’kmaq lands was by European cartographers and therefore shows the biases of western culture. For example, while the indigenous population is identified on Thomas Jeffery’s "A New Map of Nova Scotia & Cape Britain with the Adjacent parts of New England and Canada, 1755," there is no indication of their proprietary rights to the lands displayed on the map.

A far more revealing plan is that of Captain Lewis, the "Map of the surveyed parts of Nova Scotia," also dating from 1755. Lewis included landmarks such as the Abbé LeLoutre’s mass house, plus various identified trails and Acadian settlements in the province. These transportation routes and early communities were undoubtedly influenced by traditional Mi’kmaq paths and campsites prior to European settlement.

In the nineteenth century the government decided to ‘reserve’ or set aside lands for the Mi’kmaq population, as shown on "Map of Cape Breton, 1831" and in the extended "Maps of Indian Lands in Nova Scotia, 1842." With the creation of these reservations, and their delineation(s) in ink, the government defined Mi'kmaq proprietary rights in Nova Scotia.


Results 1 to 11 of 11 from your search: Geography and Maps



Mikmaq200100028
A New Map of Nova Scotia and Cape Britain and the adjacent parts of New England & Canada, 1755
Date: 1755
Publisher: Thomas Jefferys
Reference no.: NSARM Map Collection Nova Scotia Archives F/200-1755

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Mikmaq200100029
"Map of the surveyed parts of Nova Scotia taken by Captain Lewis, 1755."
Date: 1755
Cartographer: Captain Lewis
Reference no.: NSARM Map Collection Nova Scotia Archives F/202 - Nova Scotia 1755

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Mikmaq200100030
Map of Cape Breton, 1831
Date: 1831
Cartographer: John L. Johnston
Reference no.: NSARM Map Collection Nova Scotia Archives F/201 - Cape Breton 1831

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Mikmaq201606032
Mi'kmaq reservations in NS counties – Cumberland County
Date: 1842
Reference no.: Commissioner of Public Records — Indians series Nova Scotia Archives RG 1 Vol. 432 page 32

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Mikmaq201606033
Mi'kmaq reservations in NS counties – Halifax County, west side Shubenacadie Lake
Date: 1842
Reference no.: Commissioner of Public Records — Indians series Nova Scotia Archives RG 1 Vol. 432 page 33

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Mikmaq201606034
Mi'kmaq reservations in NS counties – Hants County
Date: 1842
Reference no.: Commissioner of Public Records — Indians series Nova Scotia Archives RG 1 Vol. 432 page 34

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Mikmaq201606035
Mi'kmaq reservations in NS counties – Halifax County, St. Margaret's Bay
Date: 1842
Reference no.: Commissioner of Public Records — Indians series Nova Scotia Archives RG 1 Vol. 432 page 35

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Mikmaq201606036
Mi'kmaq reservations in NS counties – Lunenburg County
Date: 1842
Reference no.: Commissioner of Public Records — Indians series Nova Scotia Archives RG 1 Vol. 432 page 37

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Mikmaq201606037
Mi'kmaq reservations in NS counties – Queens County
Date: 1842
Reference no.: Commissioner of Public Records — Indians series Nova Scotia Archives RG 1 Vol. 432 page 38

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Mikmaq201606039
Mi'kmaq reservations in NS counties – Annapolis County
Date: 1842
Reference no.: Commissioner of Public Records — Indians series Nova Scotia Archives RG 1 Vol. 432 page 39

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Mikmaq201606040
Mi'kmaq reservations in NS counties – Kings County
Date: 1842
Reference no.: Commissioner of Public Records — Indians series Nova Scotia Archives RG 1 Vol. 432 page 40

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