Prepare the Vehicle:
- Get a complete tune-up in the fall.
- Check your tire pressure at least once a month to ensure that tires are properly inflated.
- Have your exhaust system carefully checked for leaks that could send carbon monoxide into your vehicle.
- Check your radiator and hoses for cracks and leaks. Make sure the radiator cap, water pump and thermostat work properly. Test the strength of the anti-freeze and test the functioning of the heater and defroster.
- Make sure wipers are in good condition, and fill up on winter washer fluid. Carry an extra jug in the vehicle.
If You Must Drive in Bad Weather:
- Make sure you have enough fuel. Try to keep the tank at least half-full at all times. Give yourself extra time to travel.
- Clear all snow from the hood, roof, windows and lights. Clear all windows of fog. If visibility becomes poor, find a safe place to pull over.
- If you are forced to stop at the side of the road, put on your hazard lights to alert other drivers.
- Plan your route and let someone know your destination and expected time of arrival.
- Keep to the main roads and drive with caution.
- Avoid passing another vehicle when weather and road conditions are bad.
- Wear warm clothing that does not restrict movement.
- Take a cell phone with you.
- Make sure you have a vehicle emergency kit in your car at all times.
If You Become Trapped in a Storm or Stuck in a Snow Bank, Don’t Panic:
- Avoid overexertion and exposure.
- Stay in your car. You won’t get lost and you’ll have shelter.
- Keep fresh air in your car. Open a window on the side sheltered from the wind.
- Run your engine sparingly. Beware of exhaust fumes and the possibility of carbon monoxide.
- Ensure the tailpipe is not blocked by snow.
- Set out a warning light or flares.
- Exercise your limbs – keep moving and don’t fall asleep.
- Wear a hat, as you can lose up to 60 per cent of your body heat through your head.
- Keep watch for traffic or searchers.