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For additional information relating to this article, please contact:

Thomas StorringDirector – Economics and Statistics
Tel: 902-424-2410Email:

June 16, 2020

The Policy Board of the Bank of Japan decided to maintain the negative interest rate of -0.1 per cent on balances of financial institutions at the Bank. The Bank of Japan will also purchase a necessary amount of Japanese government bonds (JGBs) without setting an upper limit in order to keep the 10-year JGB yields at around zero per cent. However, yields may move up or down depending on economic activity and prices.

In addition, the Bank will actively purchase exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and Japan real estate investment trusts (J-REITs) so that their amounts outstanding will increase at annual paces with upper limit of about 12 trillion yen and about 180 trillion yen, respectively. Commercial paper (2.0 trillion yen) and corporate bond (3.0 trillion yen) holdings by the Bank will be maintained. The Bank will make additional purchases with the upper limit of the amounts outstanding of 7.5 trillion yen for each asset until the end of March 2021.

The Bank will continue with "Quantitative and Qualitative Monetary Easing (QQE) with Yield Curve Control," aiming to achieve the price stability target of 2 per cent, as long as it is necessary for maintaining that target in a stable manner. It will continue expanding the monetary base until the year-on-year rate of increase in the observed CPI (all items less fresh food) exceeds 2 per cent and stays above the target in a stable manner.

In response to COVID-19, the Bank will continue to support financing of firms and maintain financial market stability through:

  • the Special Program to Support Corporate Financing,
  • provision of yen and foreign currency funds without setting upper limits, and
  • active purchases of ETFs and J-REITs.

At the onset of COVID-19, Japan’s employment and income situation has shown some weakness, and private consumption has decreased significantly. Due to lower global demand, exports and industrial production declined substantially.

Japan’s economy is expected to remain in a severe situation due to the domestic and global impacts of COVID-19. While the outlook remains highly uncertain, the economy is expected to improve as the impacts of the pandemic wanes. The economic recovery will be supported by accommodative financial conditions, the government’s economic measures as well as the expected pent-up demand.

The year-on-year rate of change in the CPI (all items less fresh food) is likely to be negative for the time being, mainly affected by COVID-19 and the decline in crude oil prices. As the economy starts to improve, inflation is expected to turn positive and then increase gradually.

The Bank stated that it will closely monitor the impact of COVID-19 and will not hesitate to take additional easing measures if necessary. The Bank expects short and long term policy interest rates to remain at present or lower levels.


Source: Bank of Japan, Statement on Monetary Policy 


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