Remembering Black Loyalists, Black Communities in Nova Scotia
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Mary Postell | Samuel Dismal | Dinah & Hannah Lining
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Jupiter and Venus Farmer

upiter and Venus Farmer, Birchtown, are the ancestors of many Black Nova Scotians. Although neither appears in the Book of Negroes with the surname Farmer, there is a man entered as Jupiter (no last name recorded), a "stout fellow," age 35, who worked with the Wagon-Master General's Department of the British Army. The former owner of this Jupiter is entered as Joseph Harmer. Jupiter likely took this name as his own surname. Perhaps Harmer became Farmer over time, in the same way that Wingood became Ringwood, or Dismal became Desmond.

A woman named only Venus in the Book of Negroes was described as slender, age 28. She had come to Shelburne on the ship Ann & Elizabeth in 1783 after escaping from William Smith of Charleston, South Carolina. In Shelburne, Venus was indentured to Edward Hannah, and probably lived in the Hannah household. Indenture was similar to slavery, but for a specific number of years. With no say in the matter, an indentured servant could be sold by one master to another.

Related: John Farmer, descendant