back of Gordon, an American slave, c.1863, Louisiana
man bears the scars of flogging. John Farmer of Birchtown, NS,
told Clara Dennis in the 1920s, "Slaves were used hard...
If anything went wrong they were tied up and lashed, then their
backs were bathed in pickle. Grandfather had it done to him
in slavery". John was a descendent of Nova Scotian Black
Loyalists, Jupiter and Venus Farmer.