African Nova Scotian Settlement
of African descent have been living in Nova Scotia for almost
300 years. In
Acadia, from the early to mid 1700s, there were more than 300 people
of African descent in the French settlement at Louisbourg, Cape
In Halifax in 1751 there were 15 Black people.
Based upon an original map by the Black Cultural Centre, Dartmouth,
Click to view a full map with labels.
Between 100 and 150 people of African descent were among the new settlers, now known as the Planters, who came from New England after the British gained control over Nova Scotia in 1763.
3,000 Black people came as part of the Loyalist migration between
1783 and 1785.
In 1796, 550 people, known as the Maroons, were deported from Jamaica
to Nova Scotia. In 1800 they were relocated to Sierra Leone.
Some 2000 escaped slaves came from the United States during the War of 1812, under conditions similar to those of the Black Loyalists. They had thrown in their lot with the British between 1812 and 1816 and were offered freedom and land in Nova Scotia. They moved into the Halifax area to settle at Preston, Hammonds Plains, Beechville, Porter's Lake, and the Lucasville Road, as well as the Windsor area.
In the early 1900s Black immigrants were actively recruited from Barbados, West Indies to work in Cape Breton for the Dominion Coal Company. This community survives to the present day in Whitney Pier, Glace Bay and New Waterford.
of African descent continue to immigrate to Nova Scotia today
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