Nova Scotia Museum
Mi'kmaq Portraits Collection


Date: n.d.; mid-nineteenth century


Orignal Work:

Place: Annapolis Royal, N.S.

Source: Parks Canada, Fort Anne, Annapolis Royal, N.S.

Reference Number: N-10,810

Please contact Parks Canada, Fort Anne, Annapolis Royal, N.S. for use of this image.


"The picture is of Molly Muise who lived to a great age and was so much respected by her white neighbors that they erected a tombstone to her memory." [Accession Note BA19.6.1, Fort Anne] Her dates of birth and death are not known. This may be the earliest portrait of a Mi'kmaq by a photographic process. Molly Muise (the name was originally the French 'Mius' and is now spelled Meuse and Muse as well) is wearing a peaked cap with double-curve beadwork, a dark shirt, a short jacket with darker cuffs, over which she apparently has draped a second short jacket, its sleeves pulled inside, as a capelet. Her traditional dress with the large fold at the top is held up by suspenders with ornamental tabs. In her hands she seems to be clutching a white handkerchief.


women; skirts, jackets; peaked caps; caps, women's; suspenders

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