Government of Nova Scotia Government of Nova Scotia Nova Scotia, Canada
Natural Resources and Renewables


Module 1: Introduction to Silviculture


To practice silviculture in Nova Scotia it is essential to recognize common trees. Once a tree is identified you can understand its rooting habit, windfirmness, associated species, favored growing sites and shade tolerance. With this information you can make an informed decision about the trees on your woodlot. For more information about common trees in Nova Scotia consult Trees of Nova Scotia (Saunders, 1995).

Lesson Two and Three briefly discuss soil types and characteristics. More information on soils can be found in Module 7 (Woodlot Ecology). For help in determining the type of soil on your woodlot consult the Forest Ecosystem Classification Guide published by the Nova Forest Alliance (Keys et al. 2003) listed in the ‘Further Reading’ section of this module.

This lesson presents the silvics and field identification characteristics of softwood trees in Nova Scotia. The section entitled “Average Mature Trees” has been included as a rough guide to help with identification. An average tree does not exist.


Silvics of Red Spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.)
Silvics of White Spruce Picea glauca (Moench) Voss)
Silvics of Black Spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P.)
Silvics of Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.)
Silvics of White Pine (Pinus strobus L.)
Silvics of Red Pine (Pinus resinosa Ait.)
Silvics of Jack Pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.)
Silvics of Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr.)
Silvics of Tamarack (Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch.)

Lesson 2 Quiz