Coronavirus (COVID-19): protect yourself and others
How to protect yourself and others from COVID-19. Steps you can take to stay safe, help prevent the spread of COVID-19 and protect your community.
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Vaccines reduce the likelihood of severe illness. When you get vaccinated, you also reduce the risk of passing on COVID-19 to your community. You can book your vaccination appointment if you’re 12 and older.
Stay home if you feel sick
Watch for symptomsWatch for COVID-19 symptoms. Symptoms can vary from person to
person and in different age groups. Symptoms may take up to 14 days to appear after exposure to COVID-19. If you have COVID-19 symptoms, you should stay home and book a COVID-19 test.
You don’t need to maintain social distancing from others, but it’s still important to keep a safe distance from people you don’t know while out and about. This helps prevent the spread of COVID-19 within the community.
To help protect yourself and others:
- don’t host or participate in activities if you feel sick, have any COVID-19 symptoms or are self-isolating
- stay 2 metres (6 feet) away from people you don’t know if you’re in a crowded place
- follow mask requirements for indoor public places (you can also wear a mask if you’re in a crowded place or at an outdoor gathering)
- keep your close social contacts consistent, as much as possible
- follow the proof of full vaccination protocol for discretionary, non-essential events and activities
- make informed choices about who to interact with and how to interact with each other (consider age, occupation and health conditions)
- don’t share food or beverages
- make sure you follow gathering limits for informal gatherings like a dinner party or celebration at your home
- review guidance for attending gatherings and events hosted by a business or organization - Safety Guidelines for Event Organizers, Venues and Facilities (PDF)
- try to have a specific entry point if your business or organization is holding an outdoor event in a public space so that proof of full vaccination is required
Maintain healthy habits
Maintaining good hygiene helps prevent the spread of COVID-19. This includes washing your hands often, coughing and sneezing into your elbow, and cleaning surfaces.
Wash your hands
Wash your hands often with soap and water for 20 seconds. Then dry your hands completely. Use hand sanitizer when you can’t use soap and water.
It’s important to wash your hands:
- after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing
- after visiting a public place or touching surfaces outside of your home
- before and after preparing or eating food
- after touching animals and pets
- after handling waste, touching dirty laundry or using the bathroom
- when your hands look dirty or feel dirty
If soap and water are not available, and your hands are not visibly dirty, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Use enough to cover the fronts and backs of both hands and between all your fingers. Rub your hands together until they feel dry.
Cough and sneeze etiquette
Cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue. Throw the used tissue in the garbage and wash your hands or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer immediately.
If you don’t have a tissue, cough and sneeze into your elbow, not your hand.
Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth. If you need to touch your face, wash your hands first. Washing your hands will help keep the virus off your hands so you don’t spread it to other people.
Clean and disinfect regularly
Viruses can live on surfaces for several days. You can reduce the number of germs and reduce your risk of infection by cleaning and disinfecting every day.
You should clean the surfaces and objects you touch most frequently at least once a day, or more if needed.
Clean and disinfect things like doorknobs, light switches, railings, toilets and tabletops every day. Wash with soapy water first. Then disinfect with household cleaning products, following the directions on the label.
If household cleaning products are not available, you can make a diluted bleach solution following the instructions on the bleach label. Or you can make a solution with 5 mL of bleach per 250 mL of water, or 20 mL per litre.
You need to mix a fresh batch of the bleach mixture every day for it to work properly.
Disinfect phones, remote controls, computers and other handheld devices with 70% alcohol or wipes.
Wear a mask
Wearing a non-medical mask can help prevent the spread of COVID-19 and other respiratory illnesses. A mask helps stop droplets spreading when someone speaks, laughs, coughs or sneezes (including someone who has COVID-19 but has no obvious symptoms). Check the requirements for wearing a mask and how to choose and take care of a mask to help prevent the spread of COVID-19.