Salmonellosis is an intestinal infection caused by the salmonella bacteria. The effects of the disease can range from mild to severe. In the worst cases, the disease spreads to the blood stream and can cause death.
The disease is transmitted by eating food from infected animals or through the fecal contamination of food from an animal or person with the disease. Potential sources of infection include raw and undercooked eggs; raw milk and raw milk products; contaminated water; and meat and meat products. Raw fruits and vegetables may also be a source if contamination occurs when the produce is sliced.
The incidence of salmonellosis in Nova Scotia has remained relatively stable over the last decade, peaking at 20 cases per 100,000 population in 2001 and decreasing slightly since then. Many reported cases of salmonella are travel-related.
Symptoms of may include:
Usually salmonella infections do not need to be medically treated, and recovery occurs in 5 to 7 days. In severe cases, people may need to be hospitalized to receive fluids and antibiotics.
You can prevent a salmonella infection by: