Estimated Bear Harvest

REMINDER: It is MANDATORY to report on your hunting licence, regardless of success. The Department of Natural Resources relies on harvest reporting data for important management decisions, and so efforts to improve this reporting compliance level will be made over the coming hunting seasons.

Year

General Bear Harvesting Licences Sold

Senior Bear Harvesting Licences Sold

New Corrected Estimates (General)

New Corrected Estimates (Senior)

2014

3,808

5,339

419

139

2015

3,808

5,217

419

136

2016

3,726

5,665

410

147

2017

3,946

6,279

434

163

2018

3982

6685

438

174

How is bear harvest estimated?

In 2015, DNR staff aimed to correct historical black bear harvest numbers based on licence sales. These correction factors are based on follow up calls to hunters that did not submit their mandatory bear harvest report. The following correcting methods were used to estimate harvest based on the number of licences sold:

General licences:
To determine a “kill” estimate:
(General licences sold) x (0.11) = Estimated number of licence holders that hunted and killed a bear.
To determine a "no kill" estimate:
(General licences sold) x (0.47) = Estimated number of licence holders that hunted and did not kill.
To determine a "did not hunt" estimate:
(General licences sold) x (0.31) = Estimated licenses not used.

Senior licences:
To determine a “kill” estimate:
(Senior licences distributed) x (0.026) = Estimated number of licence holders that hunted and killed a bear.
To determine a "no kill" estimate:
(Senior licences distributed) x (0.31) = Estimated number of licence holders that hunted and did not kill.
To determine a "did not hunt" estimate:
(Senior licences distributed) x (0.61) = Estimated licenses not used.

Note: there are a proportion of reports that come back “incomplete”; therefore the totals do not equal 100%.

Reported Black Bear Harvest by County*

County

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

Antigonish

9

23

4

19

16

Colchester

25

41

28

58

25

Cumberland

52

51

41

66

53

Guysborough

14

18

21

20

12

Halifax

38

35

36

39

28

Hants

11

20

7

23

16

Pictou

17

42

25

49

26

Cape Breton

3

1

0

1

2

Inverness

8

4

3

4

3

Richmond

0

1

0

0

0

Victoria

5

4

2

8

8

Annapolis

42

29

42

25

20

Digby

14

11

14

13

6

Kings

21

30

34

26

21

Lunenburg

21

15

21

13

11

Queens

27

22

14

15

13

Shelburne

14

5

8

8

8

Yarmouth

16

6

13

11

12

Total:

336

357

312

397

280

*These harvest numbers are only those that were reported. This table does not account for the estimation determined in the Harvest Table.

Part of Nova Scotia’s black bear management plan includes monitoring the age structure of the yearly bear harvest. Changes in age structure could indicate a change in the bear population that would need to be monitored and addressed.

Bear pre-molar teeth are submitted as part of a mandatory collection from hunters and trappers when successful in harvesting a bear.  The ages were determined by cementum tooth analysis performed by Matson’s Laboratory.

Black Bear Snaring Information: 2014-2017

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

Harvest Information

 

 

 

 

 

Licences sold/distributed

280

299

299

354

319

Did not hunt

68

122

70

72

85

Returned blank

30

28

38

73

16

Returned no kill

39

55

46

50

41

Returned with kill

54

92

63

94

65

Sex Ratio

 

 

 

 

 

Male

21

26

15

28

26

Female

32

51

43

58

29

Unknown

0

9

0

8

7

Effort Information

 

 

 

Number of snares

173

291

214

313

229

Number of snare days

2267

3534

3309

6434

3094

Number of snare nights

903

1553

1319

2895

1239

Please note all data for snaring combines senior and general license data.

REMINDER: It is MANDATORY to report on your hunting licence, regardless of success. The Department of Natural Resources relies on harvest reporting data for important management decisions, and so efforts to improve this reporting compliance level will be made over the coming hunting seasons.