Estimated Bear Harvest

REMINDER: It is MANDATORY to report on your hunting license, regardless of success. The Department of Natural Resources and Renewables relies on harvest reporting data for important management decisions, and so efforts to improve this reporting compliance level will be made over the coming hunting seasons.

Year

General Bear Harvesting Licences Sold

Senior Bear Harvesting Licences Sold

Corrected

Bear harvest Estimates (General)

Corrected

Bear harvest Estimates (Senior)

2017

3,946

6,279

434

163

2018

3,982

6,685

438

174

2019

3,869

5,805

426

151

2020

3,766

4,822

414

125

2021

4,586

6,149

504

160

How is bear harvest estimated?

In 2015, the department aimed to correct historical black bear harvest numbers based on licence sales. These correction factors are based on follow up calls to hunters that did not submit their mandatory bear harvest report. The following correcting methods were used to estimate harvest based on the number of licences sold:

General licences:
To determine a "kill" estimate:
(General licences sold) x (0.11) = Estimated number of licence holders that hunted and killed a bear.
To determine a "no kill" estimate:
(General licences sold) x (0.47) = Estimated number of licence holders that hunted and did not kill.
To determine a "did not hunt" estimate:
(General licences sold) x (0.31) = Estimated licenses not used.

Senior licences:
To determine a "kill" estimate:
(Senior licences distributed) x (0.026) = Estimated number of licence holders that hunted and killed a bear.
To determine a "no kill" estimate:
(Senior licences distributed) x (0.31) = Estimated number of licence holders that hunted and did not kill.
To determine a "did not hunt" estimate:
(Senior licences distributed) x (0.61) = Estimated licenses not used.

Note: there are a proportion of reports that come back "incomplete"; therefore the totals do not equal 100%.

Reported Black Bear Harvest by County*

County

2017

2018

2019

2020

2021

Annapolis

25

20

33

31

50

Antigonish

19

16

20

11

12

Cape Breton

1

2

3

4

1

Colchester

58

25

56

24

53

Cumberland

66

53

98

48

68

Digby

13

6

18

20

21

Guysborough

20

12

36

16

26

Halifax

39

28

22

28

38

Hants

23

16

23

24

36

Inverness

4

3

16

5

10

Kings

26

21

21

26

44

Lunenburg

13

11

8

21

29

Pictou

49

26

47

19

47

Queens

15

13

16

19

25

Richmond

0

0

0

0

0

Shelburne

8

8

6

14

12

Victoria

8

8

3

3

2

Yarmouth

11

12

8

18

11

Total

397

280

434

331

485

*These harvest numbers are only those that were reported. This table does not account for the estimation determined in the Harvest Table.

Bear pre-molar teeth are submitted as part of a mandatory collection from hunters and trappers when successful in harvesting a bear.  The ages were determined by cementum tooth analysis performed by Matson's Laboratory.


Black Bear Snaring Information:

2017

2018

2019

2020

2021

Harvest Information

     

Licences sold/distributed

354

319

328

352

255

Did not hunt

72

85

91

114

95

Returned blank

73

16

35

130

144

Returned no kill

50

41

47

50

38

Returned with kill

94

65

86

49

110

Sex Ratio

         

Male

28

26

38

26

61

Female

58

29

15

11

33

Unknown

8

7

5

5

16

Effort Information

       

Number of snares

313

229

267

170

286

Number of snare days

6434

3094

3086

1969

2754

Number of snare nights

2895

1239

1442

1128

1434

Please note all data for snaring combines senior and general license data.

REMINDER: It is MANDATORY to report on your hunting license, regardless of success. The Department of Natural Resources and Renewables relies on harvest reporting data for important management decisions, and so efforts to improve this reporting compliance level will be made over the coming hunting seasons.