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gov.ns.ca Government of Nova Scotia Nova Scotia, Canada
Lands and Forestry

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Forest Vegetation types

         

Below is a list of common and scientific names for non-vascular plants, lichens, animals, amphibians and reptiles, invertebrates, mamals and fungi mentioned in the guide. Common names in red are linked to images found in the guide. Clicking on the link will take you to the associated fact sheet. Over time additional photos will be added. 


 

Non-Vascular Plants
Common Name Scientific name
Bryophytes
Atrichum  moss Atrichum spp.
Bazzania Bazzania trilobata
Blunt-leaved sphagnum Sphagnum palustre
Brachythecium moss Brachythecium spp.
Brittle stem sphagnum Sphagnum wulfinum
Broom moss Dicranum scoparium
Brown fat-leaved sphagnum Sphagnum papillosum
Common green sphagnum Sphagnum girgensohnii
Dicranums Dicranum spp.
Fern moss Thuidium delicatulum
Fine sphagnum Sphagnum angustifolium
Flat topped sphagnum Sphagnum fallax
Goose neck moss Rhytidiadelphus loreus
Hair-cap moss Polytrichum commune
Hypnum moss Hypnum imponens
Juniper polytrichum Polytrichum juniperinum
Ladies' tresses Sphagnum capillifolium
Mniums Mnium spp.
Naugehyde liverwort Ptilidium pulcherrimum
Pale fat-leaved sphagnum Sphagnum centrale
Pin cushion moss Leucobryum glaucum
Plume moss Ptilium crista-castrensis
Prickly sphagnum Sphagnum squarrosum
Red fat-leaved sphagnum Sphagnum magellanicum
Rhizomniums Rhizomnium spp.
Rhytidiadelphus moss Rhytidiadelphus spp.
Russ's sphagnum Sphagnum russowii
Schreber's moss Pleurozium schreberi
Shaded wood moss Hylocomium umbratum
Shaggy moss Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus
Sphagnum moss Sphagnum spp.
Sphagnum tenellum Sphagnum tenellum
Stair-step moss Hylocomium splendens
Torrey's sphagnum Sphagnum torreyanum
Wavy dicranum Dicranum polysetum
Lichens
Artic kidney lichen Nephroma arcticum
Boreal felt lichen Erioderma pedicellatum
Coral lichen Sphaerophorus globosus
Cup lichens Cladonia spp.
Dixie reindeer lichen Cladina subtenuis
Green reindeer lichen Cladina arbuscula
Grey reindeer lichen Cladina rangiferina
Lesser green reindeer lichen Cladina mitis
Methuselah's beard lichen Usnea longissima
Old man’s beard Usnea spp.
Star-tipped reindeer lichen Cladina stellaris
Animals
Common Name Scientific name
Birds
American goldfinch Spinus tristis
American kestrel Falco sparverius
American redstart Setophaga ruticilla
Barred owl Strix varia
Bicknell's thrush Catharus bicknelli
Black and white warbler Mniotilta varia
Black-backed woodpecker Picoides arcticus
Black-crowned night heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Blackpoll warbler Dendroica striata
Black-throated blue warbler Dendroica caerulescens
Blue jay Cyanocitta cristata
Boreal chickadee Poecile hudsonicus
Canada warbler Wilsonia canadensis
Chestnut-sided warbler Dendroica pensylvanica
Chickadees Poecile spp.
Common redpoll Acanthis flammea
Common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas
Crossbills Loxia spp.
Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos
Evening grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus
Finches Carpodacus spp.
Fox sparrow Passerella iliaca
Gray catbird Dumetella carolinensis
Gray jay Perisoreus canadensis
Great blue heron Ardea herodias
Great crested flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus
Great-horned owl Bubo virginianus
Kinglets Regulus spp.
Lincoln's sparrow Melospiza lincolnii
Mourning warbler Oporornis philadelphia
Northern goshawk Accipiter gentilis
Northern oriole Icterus galbula
Northern parula warbler Parula americana
Northern waterthrush Seiurus noveboracensis
Nuthatches Sitta spp.
Olive-sided flycatcher Contopus cooperi
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla
Pileated woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus
Pine siskin Spinus pinus
Purple finch Carpodacus purpureus
Raven Corvus corax
Red crossbill Loxia curvirostra
Red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis
Ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris
Ruffed grouse Bonasa umbellus
Rusty blackbird Euphagus carolinus
Sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus
Sharp-tailed sparrow Ammodramus caudacutus
Solitary vireo Vireo solitarius
Spruce grouse Falcipennis canadensis
Swamp sparrow Melospiza georgiana
Veery Catharus fuscescens
Vesper sparrow Pooecetes gramineus
White-winged crossbill Loxia leucoptera
Wilson's warbler Wilsonia pusilla
Wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina
Woodcock Scolopax minor
Yellow warbler Dendroica petechia
Yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius
Yellow-rumped warbler Dendroica coronata
Amphibians and Reptiles
Blue-spotted salamander Ambystoma laterale 
Four-toed salamander Hemidactylium scutatum 
Red-backed salamander Plethodon cinereus
Ribbon snake Thamnophis sauvitus septentrionalis
Wood frog Rana sylvatica
Wood turtle Glyptermys insculpta 
Yellow-spotted salamander Ambystoma maculatum 
Invertebrates
Balsam fir woolly adelgid Adelges piceae
Forest tent caterpillar Malacosoma disstria
Larch casebearer Coleophora laricella
Larch sawfly Pristiphora erichsonii
Spruce bark beetle Dendroctonus rufipennis
Spruce budworm Choristoneura fumiferana
Tent caterpillar Malacosoma disstria
Tussock moth Orgyia leucostigma
White pine weevil Pissodes strobi
Mammals
American marten Martes americana
Bear Ursus americanus
Beaver Castor canadensis
Canadian lynx Lynx canadensis
Coyote Canis latrans
Deer Odocoileus virginianus
Fisher Martes pennanti
Gaspé shrew Sorex gaspensis
Long-tailed shrew Sorex dispar
Mink Neovison vison
Moose Alces americanus
Muskrat Ondatra zibethicus
Northern flying squirrel Glaucomys sabrinus
Otter Lontra canadensis
Porcupine Erethizon dorsatum
Red fox Vulpes vulpes
Red squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
Rock vole Microtus chrotorrhinus
Snowshoe hare Lepus americanus
Southern flying squirrel Glaucomys volans
Star-nosed mole Condylura cristata
Water shrew Sorex palustris
Fungi
Common Name Scientific name
Beech bark canker  Neonectria faginata
Beech scale disease  Nectria ditissima
Birch cinder conch Inonotus obliquus
Black knot fungus  Apiosporina morbosa
Black trumpet mushrooms Craterellus fallax
Boletes Boletaceae spp.
Chanterelles Cantharellus cibarius
Dutch elm disease  Ophiostoma ulmi
False nmorel Gyromitra spp.
Hemlock varnish shelf  Ganoderma tsugae
Hollow foot suillus Suillus cavipes
Honey mushooms Armillaria spp.
Hypoxylon canker Hypoxylon mammatum
Larch slippery jack  Suillus grevillei
Maitake (Hen-of-the-woods) Grifola frondosa
Pine mushrooms Tricholoma magnivelare
Saffron milkcap Lactarius deliciousus
Shoe-string root rot Armillaria spp.
Violet-toothed polypore Trichaptum biforme
White pine blister rust  Cronartium ribicola