The Joggins Fossil Cliffs, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, are described in one of science's most influential works, Charles Darwin's Origin of Species. Although Darwin never visited Joggins, he drew on the work there of Sir Charles Lyell and Nova Scotia′s Sir William Dawson. Darwin used Joggins as an example of the best that the fossil record could possibly show us of the history of evolution. Also making a cameo appearance in Origin of Species is one of Joggins' fossils, Dendropupa, the earliest land snail. This little fossil would also be used against Darwin by his archrival Bishop "Soapy Sam" Wilberforce in the famous, first debate of Darwin's theory in 1860.
George Mercer Dawson was considered to be the finest Canadian field scientist of his time. He surveyed the Prairies, British Columbia and the Yukon before the country was opened up to the railway and settlement, and his survey records were valuable guides to the natural resources of northern and western Canada.
Edmund and his wife Anna lived at Monte Vista, their 1,000-acre (4.0 km2) farm on Grand Lake, on the outskirts of Enfield. There they raised prize cattle. During the Second World War, the childless couple took in British children who were sent to Canada for safety reasons.
The fill for the Disney everglades project, as well as the super highways built to make Orlando accessible to large amounts of traffic from Tampa on the west and Ft. Lauderdale on the east, came from the pit on the Strait of Canso. The high quality of the aggregate produced at the Martin Marietta pit and the deepwater nature of the site made loading and transporting to Tampa and Ft. Lauderdale the cheapest option for the large aggregate contract.
Perhaps the oldest mine site known in Canada (maybe North America) exists at Davidson's Cove on the shore of the Bay of Fundy, where Mik'Maq people mined Jasper and agate and fashioned them into cutting tools, spear arrowheads, that were traded all around the Bay of Fundy and have been found in several sites around Atlantic Canada.
Exploration for IOCG type deposits can only be done in a few geological environs in the world. Nova Scotia is one of them?